One of the fabulous example of an interaction of a man with the nature has been carved in the form of the historical site named as Machu Picchu. This fascinating city, said to be 7000 feet above the sea level is located in southern Peru. This city is above the Urabamba valley and is between the Andean mountain range lying on a small hilltop. The rich fauna and flora in the Amazon basin is found on the eastern slopes of Andean mountain. A trip to this site is possible only by a train or through a trek of 4 days. In 1983, Machu Picchu was named as a World Heritage Site. It even came into the list of New Seven Wonders Of The World category based on 2007 survey.
The history behind this site is like, Inca Emperor which lasted between 1438-1472 built Machu Picchu as an estate. Nearly 1200 people were estimated to have lived in that area surveyed by the archaeologists. Hence, it became one of the Inca’s centre for culture.But it was abandoned due to the Spanish rule and was rediscovered in 1911. Hence, it is famously called as “Lost City Of Incas”. The Inca empire built terraces, giant walls and other ramps which puts up a picture of carving that has been formed naturally out on the rocks.
Machu Picchu has an outstanding architecture as the Incas used only the raw materials that were available naturally on that place.The trekking experience on this site is considered to be magical because of the surrounding. In this heritage site, all the structures are arranged in the orders of urban living, religion and agriculture. They are arranged in such a way that the important religious areas at the top of the hill. Little lower, are the buildings occupied by the civilian people. Finally the slopes remaining are covered up by the agricultural lands. As far as fauna is considered, several endangered species namely the spectacled bear has its home here and the rest includes otter, pampas cat, boa, Andean cock, long-tailed weasel, Andean condor etc. Even the valleys surrounding the Machu Picchu site was said to be cultivated for over 1000 years and occupied by people who where considered to incorporate the Inca culture, shown by the result of potato and maize cultivations.Preservation of this historical, archaeological and cultural site has been of a very major concern over the recent years because of the growing number of the tourists. We hope that it is prepared on a proper manner and remains the same for the next hundreds of years.